People and businesses want transportation that is safe, cost-effective, dependable, convenient, and environmentally friendly. If properly planned and implemented, ITS (intelligent transportation systems) can save time, money, and lives, among other things. This is accomplished through the application of information and communication processing technologies to road and rail transportation infrastructure.
As economies, populations, and consumer demand expand, so does the demand on transportation infrastructure and systems from users and others who rely on it. This has become increasingly clear in recent decades, with growing traffic problems and overcrowding on public transportation. The focus is now on making sure that users have access to dependable and resilient transportation. The solution is to use technology, especially ITS, in a legal framework.
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ITS’s main aspect is its capability to provide real-time traffic and travel information and a dynamic means of network control. It is a critical facilitator of sustainable transportation systems, which are as follows:
meets the accessibility and mobility needs of those who live and work in an area or use transportation networks in a safe manner
provides a variety of convenient and affordable transportation options that make the best use of infrastructure
manages traffic congestion and incidents to provide a high level of service to road users
provides a means to reduce air pollution and noise from road transportation, leading to improved public and environmental health.
promotes a thriving economy and efficient transportation of goods and freight
provides a tool for enforcing transportation policies such as demand management and public transportation priority
How ITS operates is frequently imperceptible (buried cabling or wireless communications). While most people are exposed to some form of ITS daily, the majority are unaware of how prevalent ITS is in their lives. They won’t realize how much they can benefit from the ways it makes their transportation more user-friendly.
ITS practitioners must realize the advantages of ITS and be able to convince non-technical audiences. This emphasizes the importance of obtaining firm evidence of benefits by assessing and reviewing ITS deployments’ outcomes and then using the results to evaluate new projects.
More and more ITS schemes have been or are being analyzed, leading to a vast and growing range of information on costs and benefits, such as how to evaluate them — and understand what the advantages are and who receives them. An informed awareness of ITS can be a critical determining factor for national, regional, and local governments, investors and developers looking for new locations, and management and financial consultants advising public- and private-sector clients.
The Role of Intelligent Transport System in Facilitating the Way Smart Cities Function:
With the idea of smart cities transforming cities into digital communities and making citizens’ lives easier in every way, Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) becomes the most crucial component of all. Mobility is a significant concern in every area, and leveraging people with an ITS can save them time while also making the city smarter.
ITS aims to improve traffic quality by reducing traffic congestion. It provides users with advanced traffic information, local convenience information, real-time running information, seat availability, and other features that help commuters save time while also improving their safety and comfort.
The Traffic Management Center (TMC) is an essential component of ITS. It is primarily a transportation authority-managed technical infrastructure. All data is collected and processed here for future operations and real-time traffic control management, and information about local transportation vehicles.
The TMC’s well-organized and proficient operations rely on automated data collection with precise location information, processing that data to produce accurate information, and then transmitting that information back to travelers.
Data Collection: Strategic preparation necessitates accurate, detailed, and timely data collection as well as real-time monitoring. As a result, data is collected using various hardware devices that serve as the foundation for future ITS functions. The hardware primarily records information such as traffic counts, surveillance, travel speed and time, location, vehicle weight, and delays, among other things. These hardware devices are linked to servers, usually found at data collection centers, and store vast volumes of data for later review.
Data Transmission: This part of ITS consists of sending collected data from the field to TMC and then sending back that analyzed information from TMC to travelers. Travelers are informed of traffic-related announcements via the internet, SMS, or vehicle onboard units. Dedicated short-range communications (DSRC) using radio and Continuous Air Interface Long and Medium Range (CAILM) using cellular networking and infrared connections are two other means of communication. Read more…
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